Economic and Management Sciences (EMS) is a practical subject that covers a range of topics related to the economy, business, and financial management. It is designed to equip learners with real-life skills for their future careers and personal lives. The CAPS (Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statement) grade 9 Economic and Management Sciences curriculum is aligned with the National Curriculum Statement (NCS) and is designed to meet the needs of learners in South Africa. The subject covers a range of topics, including entrepreneurship, financial literacy, and accounting, among others. The curriculum is designed to provide learners with a comprehensive understanding of how businesses operate and how to manage them effectively.